Seeing Spots – What are they?

Are you seeing spots? Would you say that you’re seeing black spots in your vision? Should you be worried? These black spots that you may be seeing in your field of vision are called “floaters”, vitreal degeneration or a posterior vitreal detachment. Scientifically, they are known as “myodesopia”. They are the results of erratic and brief absence of sufficient blood supply to the eye.

One or both eyes simultaneously can be affected. It usually affects more mature people, though children have also been identified with similar symptoms. They are actually pretty common and are nothing to be really concerned about; however they can be annoying and inconvenient.

The main reasons for the occurrence of eye floaters are liquefactions in the vitreous jelly, which happens as a person ages. Temporary and inadequate blood supply to the eye as well as ocular migraines can also affect your vision, and may make you experience the sudden appearance of floaters. They are inclined to float around, in and out of the line of vision. Shapes and sizes of these floaters differ from one person to another, most say they are oval shaped, yet for some; they are spindly and shaped like spiders. They are characteristically luminous or somewhat opaque.

Eye Floater Treatment

These floaters are mostly noticeable in brightly lit rooms or under a fluorescent lamp. They are typically harmless, and usually, they disappear over time. However, watch out for the signs of sudden and frequent appearances of these black spots; a doctor needs to be consulted if this happens. Eye doctors/opticians screen these floaters by using slit lamps or a combination of eye drops and an ophthalmoscope.

Treatment varies and is determined by how severely affected the eyes are. Anti-inflammatory medicine, herbal extracts and antibiotic eye drops can be prescribed to mildly affected patients by professionals. For severe cases, eye floaters can be removed surgically through a procedure called vitrectomy. This type of surgery is often recommended only if these floaters are affecting the person severely as this is quite costly. Other ophthalmologists prefer laser treatment.

Aside from retinal surgery, an affected person may opt for natural remedies such as a Lutein supplement, which aids in tissue regeneration of the retina. A balanced diet is recommended as well. An affected person should eat lots of vegetables and fruits rich in Vitamin C. Vitamins C, E and D are typically good for the eyes. Drink lots of water, fruit beverages and avoid caffeine.

Floaters could merely disappear with time; however, others may linger, causing psychosomatic complications like anxiety and melancholy. It is highly recommended that if you have such a condition and you are concerned, to see a doctor who is experienced in this area.

You can avert suffering from floaters by not stressing your eyes. Avoid eye injury; that is, refrain from rubbing your eyes. Eye exercises are also one way to prevent these black spots from invading your eyes. Certain drugs may also be evaded; floaters are one of the side effects of drugs that are prescribed for some mental disorders and for a few cases of acne removal. Some contact sports such as football, basketball, wrestling, boxing and karate can cause injuries to your head or eyes which in turn can result in floaters, though this is rare.

As with any medical condition, it is extremely important that you consult a professional doctor before proceeding with anything.